General Guidelines For Safer Sex
Safer Sex practices are not 100% effective against the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, by knowing and using these guidelines, you can greatly decrease your risk for infection.
Safer sex practices are not 100% effective.
Cover up describes all of the sex techniques.
Cover up from start to finish. Apply protection before genital contact.
Cover up every time. Start now even if you haven't in the past.
Use plastic wrap or latex squares for licking the vagina or anus.
If fingers penetrate body cavities, cover them with gloves or finger cots.
If you use objects for penetration, cover them with a condom.
Sexual practices that cause bleeding or irritation can increase risk. Use lubrication.
Some non barrier methods of birth control do not provide protection from sexually transmissible diseases.
For anal intercourse and mouth to penis oral contact a male condom works best.
With protection you can penetrate and lick anywhere.
Barriers and Spermicides
Male latex condoms
|Can be used for vaginal, anal or mouth to penis oral sex and on sex toys that are shaped like a penis|
|For those that are allergic to latex, polyurethane condoms are available.|
|Must be used consistently and correctly|
|Can spread HIV from a part of the body it doesn't cover|
|Too much lubrication on the shaft of the penis may cause the condom to slide off|
|If you use two condoms together, do not put lubricant between the condoms|
|You must use lubricant for anal sex to reduce friction and reduce the likelihood of condom breakage|
|Made of polyurethane can use oils as lubricant|
|Useful for partners who are allergic to latex|
|Women may prefer them|
|More expensive than male condoms|
|Use a new condom for each act of intercourse|
Gloves, Finger Cots, and Plastic Wrap
|Vaginal, anal and oral sex|
If you use sex toys, use a fresh covering for each act (never reuse a plastic wrap, finger cot or condom). Any plastic wrap can be used if it can be used with food. Plastic wrap has not been proven to prevent transmission of HIV. Microwaveable plastic wrap has pores through which HIV could be transmitted. Therefore, only non-microwaveable plastic wrap can be used.
|Condoms and gloves can be cut to form a flat piece of latex to cover the vaginal or anal area.|
|Cannot be used with oil based lubricants or fatty or oily foods.|
Use a fresh piece of latex or plastic wrap because you may not be able to tell which side was previously used.
|Alone they are an ineffective barrier against disease; it doesn't cover the whole vagina.|
|Some researchers speculate that the cervix is more vulnerable to HIV than the walls of the vagina.|
|Can be used for vaginal and anal sex.|
Provide lubrication; reduce problems caused by friction, such as tears in the vaginal or anal walls or condom breakage.
According to the CDC, spermicide killed HIV during laboratory testing, however, there is no evidence spermicide is effective in killing HIV during intercourse.*
Some people find spermicides irritating; some researchers speculate that irritation could make a person vulnerable to HIV infection.*
|Spermicides are effective in killing other sexually transmitted infections.|
Sexual Activity According To Degree of Risk For Transmitting HIV
Listed from highest risk behavior to lowest risk
|1.||Anal intercourse with internal ejaculation without a condom|
|2.||Vaginal intercourse with internal ejaculation without a condom and without any form of barrier contraception|
|3.||Vaginal intercourse with internal ejaculation without a condom but with spermicidal form*|
|4.||Anal intercourse with a condom and withdrawing prior to ejaculation|
|5.||Vaginal intercourse without spermicidal foam and without a condom and withdrawing prior to ejaculation*|
|6.||Vaginal intercourse using spermicidal foam but without a condom and withdrawing prior to ejaculation*|
|7.||Use of sex toys by more than one partner without a condom and that have not been sterilized between uses|
|8.||Brachioproctic activities (anal fisting)|
|9.||Brachiovaginal activities (fisting)|
|10.||Anal intercourse with internal ejaculation with a condom correctly with spermicide*|
|11.||Vaginal intercourse with internal ejaculation with a condom correctly used but no spermicidal foam*|
|12.||Vaginal intercourse with internal ejaculation with a condom correctly used with spermicidal foam*|
|13.||Anal intercourse with a condom correctly used and withdrawing prior to ejaculation|
|14.||Vaginal intercourse with a condom correctly used and withdrawing prior to ejaculation|
|15.||Fellatio without a condom with ejaculation in mouth|
|16.||Fellatio without a condom putting the head of the penis inside the mouth and withdrawing prior to ejaculation|
|17.||Fellatio to orgasm with a condom|
|18.||Fellatio without a condom, but never putting the head of the penis inside mouth|
Use of sex toys (dildos) with condoms, or that they are not shared by partners and that have been properly sterilized between uses
|21.||Mutual masturbation with orgasm on, not in partner|
|22.||Intercourse between the thighs|
|23.||Frottage (rubbing a person for sexual pleasure)|
|24.||Mutual masturbation with internal touching using finger cots or condoms|
|25.||Mutual masturbation with only external touching|
|26.||Deep wet kissing|
|27.||Masturbating with another person but not touching one another|
Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) Not Effective In Reducing HIV Transmission